Understanding Scholarly Journals

A Scholar is the medical term used to refer to a professional who is engaged on the study of medicine, science, and other related fields. Journals are the system through which ideas, discoveries and 62 scientific processes are documented. They are used for the publication of scientific papers, reports, books, and anything else that is submitted for publication. Typically, all manuscripts that are submitted are first read by immunologists, pathologists, mathematicians, physicists, biologists, and other members of the scientific community who review the content of the papers prior to its publication. Once a manuscript is published, it is bound to undergo further editorial review which may bring about additional criticism or comments before it is published.

Journals are written for academic purposes and have their own style. Sometimes, a journal’s journal title may not match with the contents of the journal. This is due to the fact that the names of journals are unique and phonetic.

Success of a journal depends on the variety and quality of the articles it receives. Thus, a very critical job of a research scientist is to assess the manuscripts that are submitted for publication. The author is responsible for including all necessary details in the manuscript. The following are the steps a research scientist must follow:

  • Choose a subject
  • The subject must be relevant to the field of research
  • The subject must be quantitative or qualitative
  • The subject must be realistic
  • The subject must be able to be translated into intelligible English
  • The word count of the paper should be more than 100 words
  • The word count of the abstract should be more than 100 words
  • The word count of the clinical part of the paper should be more than 25 words

These steps are followed in all journals except for a few medical publications such as The American Journal of Medicine, which requires the author to sign a Tamper-eviction form before submitting the article.

Science Writing

Science writing is the act of writing about science, including scientific papers, books, and magazines. A science writer differs from others in the sense that he or she is supposed to do the reflecting. A science writer must make an effort to organize his or her thoughts and organize facts and other data that he or she encounters into a well-designed structure. This is actually done by writing down all the gathered information, including figures, tables, and quotations.

Science writing is done for a number of reasons, including gathering data for a research proposal, writing the final version of a manuscript, etc. A science writer must be careful not to overfill the space, but it is equally important to leave out absolutely nothing. The manuscript should be clear and should include only the vital points and facts.

Writing the Abstract

The abstract of a research paper is usually written by the author of the original paper. The author will describe the main findings of his paper in the abstract. The abstract is usually written in the form of a question mark. For instance, the question mark is present if the research question is whether a drug can actually prevent strokes in a patient with a history of strokes. The answer to the question whether a drug can actually prevent strokes is “no.”

The writing of the abstract and the body of the research paper is done by a research writer. The research writer takes the initiative to brainstorm all the ideas and facts for translating into written words. Facts and words are then randomly selected or de-personalized to gain the writer’s attention. Once the attention is gathered, the research writer starts to write, following which he or she relies on the author’s knowledge and experience to ensure that the final product is coherent and relevant.

Writing the abstract is not easy. One’s skills in writing is developed in the course of doing research for a number of years. A research manuscript requiring the writer’s unique skills and abilities are drafted and finalized by a team of scholars. This team writes the research paper after conducting a literature review, by highlighting the specific literary pieces and collective ideas that are to be included in the paper.

From the various pieces of literature that are highlighted by the research team, the final draft of the research paper is prepared which is then made available to a number of review boards for final approval before being published.